You can't shoot anywhere near as far as with a rifle but the better you know your gun the longer the shot possiblities. And it depends on the gauge of shotgun you choose. For me, I wouldn't shoot over 100 yards with it. But I will always op for the closer shot. I want to know without a doubt that when I sqeeze the trigger that the deer I am shooting at is going to drop there. Now, they don't always drop right there but they may run for say fifty yards then pile up. All I am saying is that I want to make sure it will be a efficient kill.